artk
Fri, Sep 20, 2019 11:11

Modi faces lawsuit in US over human rights abuses in Kashmir

media

According to the Houstan Chronicle, summons were also issued against Home Affairs Minister Amit Shah and Commander of Indian Armed forces Lieutenant General Kanwal Jeet Singh Commander.

 

A US court on Thursday issued summons against Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi for committing human rights violations in occupied Kashmir.

According to the Houstan Chronicle, summons were also issued against Home Affairs Minister Amit Shah and Commander of Indian Armed forces Lieutenant General Kanwal Jeet Singh Commander.

The lawsuit filed by two Kashmiri citizens alleges Modi, Shah and commander of the Indian army, Lt General Dhillon, carried out extrajudicial killings, committed wrongful death, battery, emotional distress, crimes against humanity and inflicted “cruel, inhuman, degrading treatment or punishment” upon Kashmiris during the military exercise. They say Modi and his henchmen have created a public nuisance and are guilty of negligence by not preventing the “deliberate, willful, wanton, malicious, intentional and/or oppressive” killings of Muslims in the regions of Jamuu and Kashmir.

The civil complaint accuses Modi of human rights violations under The Torture Victim Protection Act of 1991, a federal statute that allows civil suits on US soil against foreign officials suspected of committing torture or extrajudicial killing.

“We want to hold a human rights violator like Modi accountable,” said Gurpatwant Singh Pannu, whose a member of the group focused on the right to self-determination campaign for the state of Punjab.

Pannu added, “He can only escape if he has been granted immunity by the US Department of State,” Pannu said. “Otherwise, the facts and the law are on the side of the victim.”

The US State Department typically intervenes in such cases to ask the judge to grant officials immunity from civil lawsuits.

Pannu said he is working with process servers to deliver Modi the court summons before he leaves the “Howdy Modi” event at NRG Stadium in Houston on Sunday.

Modi is expected to be joined by President Donald Trump at the massive gathering of Indian-Americans in Houston, in a symbolic show of the bond between the two leaders and countries.

The September 22 rally — dubbed, with a touch of Texan twang, "Howdy, Modi!" — will mark a rare joint appearance between a US president and a foreign leader before an ethnic community and be the pair's third meeting this year.

Whoops! There was an error.
ErrorException (E_WARNING)
file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 264 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space ErrorException thrown with message "file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 264 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space" Stacktrace: #7 ErrorException in /var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Filesystem/Filesystem.php:122 #6 file_put_contents in /var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Filesystem/Filesystem.php:122 #5 Illuminate\Filesystem\Filesystem:put in /var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Session/FileSessionHandler.php:83 #4 Illuminate\Session\FileSessionHandler:write in /var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Session/Store.php:129 #3 Illuminate\Session\Store:save in /var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Session/Middleware/StartSession.php:87 #2 Illuminate\Session\Middleware\StartSession:terminate in /var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Foundation/Http/Kernel.php:218 #1 Illuminate\Foundation\Http\Kernel:terminateMiddleware in /var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Foundation/Http/Kernel.php:189 #0 Illuminate\Foundation\Http\Kernel:terminate in /var/www/newsbd/index.php:60
7
ErrorException
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
122
6
file_put_contents
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
122
5
Illuminate
\
Filesystem
\
Filesystem
put
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
FileSessionHandler.php
83
4
Illuminate
\
Session
\
FileSessionHandler
write
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Store.php
129
3
Illuminate
\
Session
\
Store
save
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Middleware
/
StartSession.php
87
2
Illuminate
\
Session
\
Middleware
\
StartSession
terminate
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
218
1
Illuminate
\
Foundation
\
Http
\
Kernel
terminateMiddleware
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
189
0
Illuminate
\
Foundation
\
Http
\
Kernel
terminate
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
index.php
60
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
newsbangladesh
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @return string
     */
    public function hash($path)
    {
        return md5_file($path);
    }
 
    /**
     * Write the contents of a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $contents
     * @param  bool  $lock
     * @return int
     */
    public function put($path, $contents, $lock = false)
    {
        return file_put_contents($path, $contents, $lock ? LOCK_EX : 0);
    }
 
    /**
     * Prepend to a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return int
     */
    public function prepend($path, $data)
    {
        if ($this->exists($path)) {
            return $this->put($path, $data.$this->get($path));
        }
 
        return $this->put($path, $data);
    }
 
    /**
     * Append to a file.
Arguments
  1. "file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 264 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space"
    
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
newsbangladesh
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @return string
     */
    public function hash($path)
    {
        return md5_file($path);
    }
 
    /**
     * Write the contents of a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $contents
     * @param  bool  $lock
     * @return int
     */
    public function put($path, $contents, $lock = false)
    {
        return file_put_contents($path, $contents, $lock ? LOCK_EX : 0);
    }
 
    /**
     * Prepend to a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return int
     */
    public function prepend($path, $data)
    {
        if ($this->exists($path)) {
            return $this->put($path, $data.$this->get($path));
        }
 
        return $this->put($path, $data);
    }
 
    /**
     * Append to a file.
Arguments
  1. "/var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/storage/framework/sessions/SarVGLwS3EPMPAT1Wgv9KFJ6hH0XHOFshHN4z4kg"
    
  2. "a:3:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"pkUbijsoYk5ry9UH9VdTnvNjyFD7vNzMxqXodicU";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:105:"http://www.newsbangladesh.com/news/en/100389/Modi-faces-lawsuit-in-US-over-human-rights-abuses-in-Kashmir";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
  3. 2
    
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
newsbangladesh
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
FileSessionHandler.php
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function read($sessionId)
    {
        if ($this->files->exists($path = $this->path.'/'.$sessionId)) {
            if (filemtime($path) >= Carbon::now()->subMinutes($this->minutes)->getTimestamp()) {
                return $this->files->get($path, true);
            }
        }
 
        return '';
    }
 
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function write($sessionId, $data)
    {
        $this->files->put($this->path.'/'.$sessionId, $data, true);
 
        return true;
    }
 
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function destroy($sessionId)
    {
        $this->files->delete($this->path.'/'.$sessionId);
 
        return true;
    }
 
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function gc($lifetime)
    {
        $files = Finder::create()
Arguments
  1. "/var/www/newsbd/newsbangladesh/storage/framework/sessions/SarVGLwS3EPMPAT1Wgv9KFJ6hH0XHOFshHN4z4kg"
    
  2. "a:3:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"pkUbijsoYk5ry9UH9VdTnvNjyFD7vNzMxqXodicU";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:105:"http://www.newsbangladesh.com/news/en/100389/Modi-faces-lawsuit-in-US-over-human-rights-abuses-in-Kashmir";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
  3. true
    
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
newsbangladesh
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Store.php
     *
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return string
     */
    protected function prepareForUnserialize($data)
    {
        return $data;
    }
 
    /**
     * Save the session data to storage.
     *
     * @return bool
     */
    public function save()
    {
        $this->ageFlashData();
 
        $this->handler->write($this->getId(), $this->prepareForStorage(
            serialize($this->attributes)
        ));
 
        $this->started = false;
    }
 
    /**
     * Prepare the serialized session data for storage.
     *
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return string
     */
    protected function prepareForStorage($data)
    {
        return $data;
    }
 
    /**
     * Age the flash data for the session.
     *
     * @return void
Arguments
  1. "SarVGLwS3EPMPAT1Wgv9KFJ6hH0XHOFshHN4z4kg"
    
  2. "a:3:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"pkUbijsoYk5ry9UH9VdTnvNjyFD7vNzMxqXodicU";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:105:"http://www.newsbangladesh.com/news/en/100389/Modi-faces-lawsuit-in-US-over-human-rights-abuses-in-Kashmir";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
newsbangladesh
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Middleware
/
StartSession.php
        if ($this->sessionConfigured()) {
            $this->storeCurrentUrl($request, $session);
 
            $this->addCookieToResponse($response, $session);
        }
 
        return $response;
    }
 
    /**
     * Perform any final actions for the request lifecycle.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    public function terminate($request, $response)
    {
        if ($this->sessionHandled && $this->sessionConfigured() && ! $this->usingCookieSessions()) {
            $this->manager->driver()->save();
        }
    }
 
    /**
     * Start the session for the given request.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Contracts\Session\Session
     */
    protected function startSession(Request $request)
    {
        return tap($this->getSession($request), function ($session) use ($request) {
            $session->setRequestOnHandler($request);
 
            $session->start();
        });
    }
 
    /**
     * Get the session implementation from the manager.
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
newsbangladesh
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
     * @return void
     */
    protected function terminateMiddleware($request, $response)
    {
        $middlewares = $this->app->shouldSkipMiddleware() ? [] : array_merge(
            $this->gatherRouteMiddleware($request),
            $this->middleware
        );
 
        foreach ($middlewares as $middleware) {
            if (! is_string($middleware)) {
                continue;
            }
 
            list($name) = $this->parseMiddleware($middleware);
 
            $instance = $this->app->make($name);
 
            if (method_exists($instance, 'terminate')) {
                $instance->terminate($request, $response);
            }
        }
    }
 
    /**
     * Gather the route middleware for the given request.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return array
     */
    protected function gatherRouteMiddleware($request)
    {
        if ($route = $request->route()) {
            return $this->router->gatherRouteMiddleware($route);
        }
 
        return [];
    }
 
    /**
Arguments
  1. Request {#42
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: null
      #userResolver: Closure {#339
        class: "Illuminate\Auth\AuthServiceProvider"
        this: AuthServiceProvider {#32 …}
        parameters: {
          $guard: {
            default: null
          }
        }
        use: {
          $app: Application {#2 …}
        }
      }
      #routeResolver: Closure {#352
        class: "Illuminate\Routing\Router"
        this: Router {#25 …}
        use: {
          $route: Route {#162 …}
        }
      }
      +attributes: ParameterBag {#44}
      +request: ParameterBag {#50}
      +query: ParameterBag {#50}
      +server: ServerBag {#46}
      +files: FileBag {#47}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {#45}
      +headers: HeaderBag {#48}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
        0 => "text/html"
        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
      ]
      #pathInfo: "/news/en/100389/Modi-faces-lawsuit-in-US-over-human-rights-abuses-in-Kashmir"
      #requestUri: "/news/en/100389/Modi-faces-lawsuit-in-US-over-human-rights-abuses-in-Kashmir"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {#400}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {#462}
    
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
newsbangladesh
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
     */
    protected function dispatchToRouter()
    {
        return function ($request) {
            $this->app->instance('request', $request);
 
            return $this->router->dispatch($request);
        };
    }
 
    /**
     * Call the terminate method on any terminable middleware.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    public function terminate($request, $response)
    {
        $this->terminateMiddleware($request, $response);
 
        $this->app->terminate();
    }
 
    /**
     * Call the terminate method on any terminable middleware.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    protected function terminateMiddleware($request, $response)
    {
        $middlewares = $this->app->shouldSkipMiddleware() ? [] : array_merge(
            $this->gatherRouteMiddleware($request),
            $this->middleware
        );
 
        foreach ($middlewares as $middleware) {
            if (! is_string($middleware)) {
Arguments
  1. Request {#42
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: null
      #userResolver: Closure {#339
        class: "Illuminate\Auth\AuthServiceProvider"
        this: AuthServiceProvider {#32 …}
        parameters: {
          $guard: {
            default: null
          }
        }
        use: {
          $app: Application {#2 …}
        }
      }
      #routeResolver: Closure {#352
        class: "Illuminate\Routing\Router"
        this: Router {#25 …}
        use: {
          $route: Route {#162 …}
        }
      }
      +attributes: ParameterBag {#44}
      +request: ParameterBag {#50}
      +query: ParameterBag {#50}
      +server: ServerBag {#46}
      +files: FileBag {#47}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {#45}
      +headers: HeaderBag {#48}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
        0 => "text/html"
        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
      ]
      #pathInfo: "/news/en/100389/Modi-faces-lawsuit-in-US-over-human-rights-abuses-in-Kashmir"
      #requestUri: "/news/en/100389/Modi-faces-lawsuit-in-US-over-human-rights-abuses-in-Kashmir"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {#400}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {#462}
    
/
var
/
www
/
newsbd
/
index.php
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Run The Application
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Once we have the application, we can handle the incoming request
| through the kernel, and send the associated response back to
| the client's browser allowing them to enjoy the creative
| and wonderful application we have prepared for them.
|
*/
 
$kernel = $app->make(Illuminate\Contracts\Http\Kernel::class);
 
$response = $kernel->handle(
    $request = Illuminate\Http\Request::capture()
);
 
$response->send();
 
$kernel->terminate($request, $response);
 
Arguments
  1. Request {#42
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: null
      #userResolver: Closure {#339
        class: "Illuminate\Auth\AuthServiceProvider"
        this: AuthServiceProvider {#32 …}
        parameters: {
          $guard: {
            default: null
          }
        }
        use: {
          $app: Application {#2 …}
        }
      }
      #routeResolver: Closure {#352
        class: "Illuminate\Routing\Router"
        this: Router {#25 …}
        use: {
          $route: Route {#162 …}
        }
      }
      +attributes: ParameterBag {#44}
      +request: ParameterBag {#50}
      +query: ParameterBag {#50}
      +server: ServerBag {#46}
      +files: FileBag {#47}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {#45}
      +headers: HeaderBag {#48}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
        0 => "text/html"
        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
      ]
      #pathInfo: "/news/en/100389/Modi-faces-lawsuit-in-US-over-human-rights-abuses-in-Kashmir"
      #requestUri: "/news/en/100389/Modi-faces-lawsuit-in-US-over-human-rights-abuses-in-Kashmir"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {#400}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {#462}
    

Environment & details:

empty
empty
empty
empty
empty
Key Value
REDIRECT_STATUS
"200"
HTTP_USER_AGENT
"CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)"
HTTP_ACCEPT
"text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8"
HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE
"en-US,en;q=0.5"
HTTP_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE
"Tue, 15 Oct 2019 04:51:36 GMT"
HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING
"br,gzip"
HTTP_HOST
"www.newsbangladesh.com"
HTTP_CONNECTION
"Keep-Alive"
PATH
"/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin"
SERVER_SIGNATURE
"<address>Apache/2.4.29 (Ubuntu) Server at www.newsbangladesh.com Port 80</address>\n"
SERVER_SOFTWARE
"Apache/2.4.29 (Ubuntu)"
SERVER_NAME
"www.newsbangladesh.com"
SERVER_ADDR
"172.31.19.55"
SERVER_PORT
"80"
REMOTE_ADDR
"3.229.118.253"
DOCUMENT_ROOT
"/var/www/newsbd"
REQUEST_SCHEME
"http"
CONTEXT_PREFIX
""
CONTEXT_DOCUMENT_ROOT
"/var/www/newsbd"
SERVER_ADMIN
"webmaster@localhost"
SCRIPT_FILENAME
"/var/www/newsbd/index.php"
REMOTE_PORT
"33532"
REDIRECT_URL
"/news/en/100389/Modi-faces-lawsuit-in-US-over-human-rights-abuses-in-Kashmir"
GATEWAY_INTERFACE
"CGI/1.1"
SERVER_PROTOCOL
"HTTP/1.1"
REQUEST_METHOD
"GET"
QUERY_STRING
""
REQUEST_URI
"/news/en/100389/Modi-faces-lawsuit-in-US-over-human-rights-abuses-in-Kashmir"
SCRIPT_NAME
"/index.php"
PHP_SELF
"/index.php"
REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT
1582940144.32
REQUEST_TIME
1582940144
empty
0. Whoops\Handler\PrettyPageHandler